Recent years have brought many medical advances in the treatment of osteoporosis. The effects of osteoporosis and chronic bone loss can be decreased, stopped, or many times reversed with appropriate therapy. Modern treatment and/or prevention of osteoporosis includes many newer drugs such as the biphosphonates and raloxifen, as well as older agents such as estrogen and calcitonin. Weight bearing exercise and calcium with vitamin D supplementation are also recommended for the majority of postmenopausal women at risk. However, individual assessment by your doctor is necessary and may include other treatment.